Digital Marketing

Brand Positioning and Targeting

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8th June 2024- In the ever-evolving world of marketing, brand positioning and targeting play crucial roles in defining a brand’s identity and ensuring its message resonates with the right audience. The STP marketing model (Segmentation, Targeting, Positioning) provides a strategic framework for businesses to achieve this, enabling them to carve out a distinct space in the market and effectively communicate their unique value proposition.

Understanding Brand Positioning

Brand positioning refers to the strategic process of establishing a unique image and identity for a brand in the minds of consumers. It is about creating a clear, distinctive place for a brand relative to competing brands. The essence of brand positioning lies in defining what a brand stands for, how it differentiates from competitors, and the value it promises to deliver to its customers.

Unique selling Point (USP): A brand’s unique selling Point is the cornerstone of its positioning strategy. It answers the fundamental question: “Why should customers choose our brand over others?” The USP highlights the unique benefits and features that set the brand apart, ensuring it addresses the specific needs and desires of the target audience.

Brand Identity: Developing a strong brand identity involves creating a cohesive visual and verbal representation of the brand. This includes the brand name, logo, tagline, colours, fonts, and overall aesthetic. Consistency in brand identity across all touchpoints is vital to reinforce the brand’s position in the market.

Brand Positioning Statement: A brand positioning statement is an internal tool that articulates the brand’s position clearly and concisely. It typically includes the target audience, the category in which the brand competes, the brand’s USP, and the key benefits. For example: “For environmentally conscious consumers, Brand X is the eco-friendly home cleaning solution that offers powerful results without harming the planet.”

The Role of Targeting in Brand Positioning

Targeting is the process of identifying and selecting specific segments of the market to focus marketing efforts on. It ensures that the brand’s message is directed at the most relevant audience, maximizing the effectiveness of marketing strategies.

Market Segmentation: Market segmentation involves dividing a broad consumer or business market into sub-groups based on shared characteristics. These can include demographic, psychographic, geographic, and behavioural factors. By understanding these segments, companies can tailor their marketing efforts to meet the specific needs and preferences of each group.

Selecting Target Markets: After segmenting the market, companies must evaluate and select the most viable segments to target. This involves assessing the size, growth potential, and accessibility of each segment, as well as the level of competition. The chosen target markets should align with the brand’s strengths and strategic objectives.

Tailoring Marketing Strategies: Once the target markets are identified, brands can develop customized marketing strategies to engage these segments. This includes personalized messaging, product offerings, and promotional activities that resonate with the target audience’s unique characteristics and preferences.


Brand positioning and targeting are fundamental components of modern marketing strategy. By leveraging the STP model, companies can identify and engage the right audience, establish a unique brand identity, and communicate their value proposition effectively.

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